Total & Partial Joint Replacement
Total Joint Replacement
Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure performed to replace the damaged joint with the artificial implants. Total joint replacement is usually performed when the joint is severely damaged by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis or avascular necrosis.
In a normal joint, the joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows for smooth movement within the joint, whereas in arthritic joint the cartilage is gradually worn out causing the articular ends of the bones to rub against one another leading to pain and restricted range of motion.
Total joint replacement may be considered in patients with severe pain which is not relieved through medications, injections, physical therapy, or other treatments. The goal of the surgery is to relieve pain and restore the normal functioning of the joint. Total joint replacement can be performed through an open or minimally invasive approach.
In the open approach, an incision is made over the affected joint to expose the joint. The arthritic part of the joint is removed and prepared to receive the artificial components. The artificial components are fixed in place. The muscles and tendons are then repaired and the skin is closed.
A minimally invasive approach has been developed in recent years where surgery is performed through one or two smaller incisions rather than the single long incision as in the traditional approach. Advantages of the newer approach are lesser muscle dissection, minimal pain, quicker recovery, and faster rehabilitation.
Minimally Invasive Joint Replacement
Total Hip Replacement THR and Total Knee Replacement TKR are very successful surgical treatment for arthritis of the hip and knee respectively. Over the last several years hip and knee replacement surgery has evolved to a Minimally Invasive technique.
Total knee Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure which involves removal of diseased surfaces of the knee and replacing them with artificial metal components. It is done for severe cases of knee injury either due to arthritis or injury.
The benefits of total knee replacement surgery are improved function and relief from pain.
Conformis Knee Arthroplasty
Conformis custom Arthroplasty is a procedure which provides personalized knee replacements. It uses imaging technology to scan your knee and a custom made implant is placed in the place of the defect. It preserves the natural tissues with less bone being removed and also gives customized accurate fit.
Total hip Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure designed to relieve your hip pain and improve its function. It involves removal of the worn out ends of the femur bone and resurfacing of the acetabulum. The rough, painful joint surfaces are removed and replaced with smooth metal or plastic components.
The benefit of this procedure is a pain-free hip that enables better movement.
Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
Total shoulder Arthroplasty is a surgery to replace damaged shoulder joint either due to severe arthritis or trauma with a prosthesis. Shoulder arthritis is very painful and may make movements difficult.
Total shoulder Arthroplasty aims at achieving pain-free movement of the shoulder joint.
Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
Reverse total shoulder Arthroplasty is a surgery designed for patients with severe arthritis and chronic rotator cuff tear. The reverse shoulder replacement uses a ball-and-socket joint, but the ball is placed on the shoulder blade, and the socket is placed on top of the arm bone in reverse of our normal anatomy.
It is considered as an option when conventional total shoulder replacement fails to manage your shoulder problem.
Partial Joint Replacement
Partial joint replacement is a minimally invasive procedure during which only the diseased or damaged joint surfaces are removed and replaced with artificial surfaces, while leaving the healthy parts of the joint intact. Partial joint replacement remains as a sole treatment option when all possible conservative means of treatment such as rest, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy have been ineffective in resolving your symptoms. While the procedure may relieve your pain and other symptoms, there may also be associated risks and complications as with any major surgery. Potential risks and complications that may occur following partial joint replacement include infection, wearing of implants, dislocation, fractures in the bone, stiffness, damage to the blood vessels and nerves.
Partial joint replacement surgery can be regarded as part of your treatment plan to help restore function to your damaged joints as well as relieve pain.
- Smaller incision
- Not as much bone removed
- Shorter hospital stay
- Shorter recovery period
- Better movement
- Feels more like a normal joint
- Able to be more active than after a total joint replacement
Partial Knee Arthroplasty
Partial knee Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure performed to replace either the inside or outside compartment of the knee joint, which has worn off in cases of osteoarthritis of the joint. The diseased bone is repaired by replacing it with a prosthesis made of plastic or metal.
Since only a part of the joint is being replaced, a small incision is sufficient and also there is less blood loss and ensures faster recovery too.