Osteoarthritis of the hip

Hip arthroscopy, also referred to as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery, is performed through very small incisions to evaluate and treat a variety of hip conditions. Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.

Hip arthroscopy may be indicated for the following reasons:

  • Debridement of loose bodies: Bone chips or torn cartilage debris cause hip pain and decreased range of motion and can be removed with hip arthroscopy
  • Removal of adhesions: Adhesions are areas of built up scar tissue that can limit movement and cause pain
  • Repair of torn labrum: The labrum lines the outer edge of the "socket" or acetabulum to ensure a good fit. Tears can occur in the labrum causing hip pain
  • Removal of bone spurs: Extra bone growth caused by injury or arthritis that damages the ends of the bones cause pain and limited joint mobility
  • Partial Synovectomy: Removal of portions of the inflamed synovium (joint lining) in patients with inflammatory arthritis can help to decrease the patient's pain. However, a complete synovectomy requires an open, larger hip incision
  • Debridement of joint surfaces: Conditions such as arthritis can cause the breakdown of tissue or bone in the joint
  • Repair after Trauma: Repair of fractures or torn ligaments caused by trauma
  • Evaluation and diagnosis: Patients with unexplained pain, swelling, stiffness and instability in the hip that is unresponsive to conservative treatment may undergo hip arthroscopy for evaluation and diagnosis of their condition
  • American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeon
  • California Orthopaedic Association
  • Western Orthopaedic Association
  • American Medical Association
  • American Society for Surgery of the Hand
  • North American Spine Society
  • American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  • Methodist Hospital of Southern California
  • San Gabriel Valley Medical Center
  • Garfield Medical Center
  • Alhambra Hospital Medical Center